A Royal Villa & its fabulous green paradise just a short distance outside of Lucca in Marlia
The national monument and once royal palace, Villa Reale is located only 10 km outside of the city center of Lucca and 30 minutes for the thermal water spas of Montecatini. This unique piece of Tuscan history is an enchanting stop to add to your holiday itinerary for those who revel in history (in particular, on the French conquest of Tuscany) and especially those who enjoy historical gardens.
The park is a lovely green oasis and can be reached by car (there is ample free parking) or by public transport. I will admit to thinking I could just whizz right through the gardens, however the grounds are extensive and filled with surprises. My visit was at the end of May, so I missed the fabulous collection of ancient Camellias in bloom, but the roses were in in full color in the Spanish Garden and the park boasted at least a hundred shades of green with the variation of plants and trees.
The walk around the entire garden is about 2 hours, and with the possibility to do a picnic on the grounds, it is sure to be one of the more romantic and whimsical stops you will make while touring Tuscany. There are no cafes, bars or restaurants in the gardens so come prepared, though the ticket office did have water that you could purchase. The cost of the ticket includes entrance into the entire garden, unfortunately the villa itself is closed for restoration, but the newly restored miniatures room has a huge dollhouse which will give you a good idea of the floor plan. Restoration has started in 2017, there is no official date for reopening of the villa yet.
The front desk will give you a helpful map and brochure on the villa, as well as the opportunity to purchase fresh cool water and a clean bathroom. For those of you vacationing or traveling with your favorite four legged friend, dogs are permitted on the property (proper cleanup procedures are the responsibility of the owner). The warmer months also open the gates to evening events like jazz and classical musical concerts in the gardens.
The villa is just one of many that distinguish the Lucca countryside, and perhaps one of the more elaborate, thanks to its rather long and active past. Certainly the highlight of its existence was when Napoleon named his sister, Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi, Princess of Piombino and Lucca and eventually the Grand Duchess of Tuscany. She purchased the villa in 1806, and it was then re-baptized with the name Villa Reale (Royal Palace) after her regal status even if her title was poorly received by the locals. She proceeded to make many changes to the gardens, extending the property, adding nearby residences to the main body of the estate and to the villa itself.
The gardens that you see today are actually a combination of modifications made by Elisa and successive owners of the estate. More detail about the various stages of transformation are available in the brochure and at their website (see navigation bar on the right for more details). The grounds are well cared for year-round and you will always find some amazing treasures within these green walls.
The garden is easy to navigate and walk, and offers many splendid photo opportunities. Below we have highlighted a few of the intriguing and curious things you will see in the park of Villa Reale.
Highlights of Villa Reale
Viale delle Camelie - more than thirty types of camellia flowers are planted along these paths, and if you are a fan of these blossoms, you will find that they are well indicated with QR codes and detailed information. Though the stories are many, it seems that the first documented evidence of the arrival of the Camellia japonica was "the substantial delivery of rare plants received by Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi from her brother Giuseppe, King of Naples, in 1808."
The best time to appreciate the flowers are in the months of February, March and April.
Though contemplated much earlier, it was actually built more than a hundred years after the reigning princess abandoned the villa. Sets an amazing stage for photos and creates a stunning frame for the villa in the distance.
Fun Fact: The lake also has an important practical function. In the hotter months, when water becomes scarce, an innovative pump system springs into action. It brings water from the lake to Teatro d'Acqua, in front of the Villa Reale. The water feeds the fountains and then flows back down towards the lake via a complex system of channels located under the lawned areas of the park!
Italian styled garden
One of the few of its kind, this garden originates with the Villa of the Vescovo, one of the additions that Elisa Bonaparte made during her short reign in Lucca. It is actually two gardens, and the raised (or ‘hanging') garden, occupies the terrace and is made up of a lawn with a majestic blue Magnolia grandifloraat its centre.
In the late Renaissance, the gardens became larger, grander and more symmetrical, and were filled with fountains, statues, grottoes, water organs and other features designed to delight their owners and amuse and impress visitors.
Grotta di Pan
This evocative cave with its mysterious sea monsters in the the traditional style will remind you of the cave by Buontalenti in Boboli
Artists appointed by important Italian families built the decorative grottoes, reconstructing natural caves, often using real limestone concretions removed from actual caves. Grottoes were decorated with fountains, sculptures, and frescoes, often inspired by fantastic themes with references to the world of alchemy.
Roses and fountains grace this garden with its unique Liberty style water statues.
The sophisticated beauty of this garden was designed in around 1924 by the landscape architect Jacques Greber in Art Deco style.
Composed of green walls and plants cut to create cloves and hidden corners; its total depth is 24 meters, and was planted in 1690 by the Orsetti family, the original owners of the villa. It is rather particular, this "green theater" was actually used for concerts and drama productions during the reign of Elisa - though roaming through the arches you can also imagine a secret rendezvous.
Stanza delle Miniature
Newly restored, this building houses various reproductions of various stages of the Villa Reale. I particularly enjoyed the faithful reproduction of the villa in a doll house fashion, its rooms and furnishings will give you a good idea of what you can't see since it is under restoration.
The design is based on the typical baroque layout given to the park of Villa Reale by the Orsetti family in the 1600s. The highlight is certainly the fish pond with two lounging white statues representing the major rivers in the area: the Arno River, originating in Casentino and the Serchio River coming out of the Lunigiana area.
In addition to the pond, there are the over 200 vases of citrus fruit, in particular lemons. My favorite thing about this particular garden were the mammoth Magnolia trees cut in a Christmas tree formation. (see the photo in the slideshow below)
Formed of a large semicircular pool surrounded by rushing waterfalls, which pour from five large masks, the magical water fountains and colourful roses makes this a lovely baroque styled garden. You will be enchanted with the display of white, pink and red begonias and the musical sounds of water splash in the various layers.