A Naval base, A port, & Lots of Beaches
Piombino is located in the final stretch of the Etruscan Coast, which ideally begins at the height of Livorno, a hundred kilometers further north.
In the early 1800s, Napoleon Bonaparte assigned Piombino to his sister Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi, who became regent of the Principality of Lucca and Piombino. The Princess of Piombino used to call the city "my little Paris" and during her reign the town had a period of great splendor.
Built over the sea, Piombino has always been a naval base. Today the city’s port is used for freight transport, but also as marina.
From the port of Piombino leave the ferries of the major shipping lines direct to the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago (Elba Island is just 10km from the coast!), as well as those to Sardinia and Corsica.
It offers much more than a marina
Piombino is indeed an important reference as a port, but it would be a shame to know it only for this aspect.
I also made this error for many years until I had the chance to visit the old town of Piombino that really surprised me!
The Piombino’s historical center is tiny and easy to visit on foot.
If you arrive by car, you can park just outside the historical center, from example close to the Torrione, the ancient gateway to the city (as we did on our visit).
The gate of St. Antonino, as the Torrione is also called, dates back to 1200 and is the oldest monument of Piombino. The adjoining Rivellino, a massive semicircular reinforcement was instead added in the XV century.
At first glance the complex made up of the Torrione and Rivellino has appeared to me fairly "original", but its particular shape can be easily explained just taking a step back in time. The Rivellino had not a decorative but a military intent, infact it was built to protect the city (at that time ruled by the Orsini family) against possible enemy attacks.
After crossing the Torrione, we enter in the elegant Corso Vittorio Emanuele. Here, if you're looking for a place where to eat, you can find several good restaurants and taverns.
Some locals gave us a couple of suggestions about where to eat (and I definitely love local's tips): Taverna dei Boncompagni and Osteria Volturno. We choosed the Osteria Volturno and we had a really great "frittura di pesce" (fried fish).
Continuing our walk through the city we cannot miss to see the Palazzo Comunale (Town Hall) and the adjacent Torre dell'Orologio (Clock Tower). Graceful and impressive, the buildings were restored in '900. On the first floor of Town Hall is located the tourist information office, where you can find some useful stuff (there are a lot of interesting free guides on the Etruscan Coast, look for them here!).
Piazza Bovio: a beautiful terrace with a view over the Elba island
Looking behind the Town Hall, you can discern the sea and just beyond one of the most beautiful panoramic viewpoints of the city: the terrace of Piazza Bovio.
Built on a picturesque sea cliff, Piazza Bovio has a wide balcony with a stunning view over the Elba island. In clear days from the terrace you can even see the islands of Montecristo, Giglio, Capraia and Corsica. On the right, the promontory of Falcone. It worth to visit the city even only for this scene, but in reality there is much more to see.
Just over you can see the old harbor, still used by fishermen to moor their small boats and the fountain Fonte dei Canali, with its snake's heads made by Nicola Pisano (several years before devoting himself to great artworks such as the decoration of the Cathedral of Siena and the wonderful pulpit of the Baptistery of Pisa).
The castle and the Medicean fortress
The castle is located on the opposite side of Piazza Bovio. To reach it, you can climb up the road overlooking the sea (called viale del Popolo). This path is slightly uphill, but offers really special panoramic views.
The castle dates back in the thirteenth century, while the fortress was added in mid-1500 by Cosimo de' Medici. The whole complex had several transformations over the centuries, even structural changes.
After the 1861 (the year of the Italian unification) the castle and the fortress were used as a prison.
A long restoration, ended in 2001, permitted the recovery of the sixteenth century original building.
Today here is setting the Museum of the Castle and the City. The museum is quite small but interesting. Upon request, is possible to visit it with a guided tour (not sure in english) and is probably the best way to see it. We visited the museum on our own, but I had the impression that we were not able to fully grasp the complex history of the building and of the same town of Piombino.
For more informations and opening times of the museum, visit www.parchivaldicornia.it.
How to arrive to Piombino
Arriving from the North by car you can take the Autostrada A12 Genova-Livorno and exit in Rosignano Marittima. Here drive along the SS1 Aurelia and follow the road signs to Piombino.
Arriving from the South by car you can instead take the SS1 Aurelia towards Grosseto, then continue in the direction Venturina - Piombino - Elba Island, following the road signs to Piombino.
Piombino offers two railway stations: Piombino Centrale and Piombino Marittima (it ends in front of the port).
The city's marina links the mainland with the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago as the islands of Sardinia and Corsica. The two main ferry companies are Toremar (www.toremar.it) and Moby Lines (www.mobylines.it)