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Mugello, the Great Outdoors around Lake Bilancino

Only 25 Minutes Outside of Florence

Tuscany transforms its landscape (once again) as you pass the Firenze exits on the Autostrada and enter into the magical area of Mugello. This is the home of outlet shopping, the Mugello racing circuit, endless bike, walking and horseback trails and the crystal clear waters of the Lago di Bilancio. It is also where the Medici family, Giotto and many delicious Tuscan traditions find their origins.

To help you enjoy the area and its natural beauty, we propose a circular itinerary doesn't take you too far from your accommodations in Florence and gives you the perfect opportunity to explore the fresh, crisp air of the Tuscan hills and mountains to the north before returning to your base in one of the other areas of Tuscany.

This itinerary starts by heading north on the Autostrada del Sole and taking the Barberino exit. From here you will work your way south using the easy to navigate, secondary roads. They twist and turn ever so gently through a landscape characterized by dark green forests, waving fields of grain & orzo and bobbing sunflowers.

Just a Little Detour on the Way

Though we wouldn’t consider them an integral part of this itinerary, it would be remiss of us to speed right by two of the more iconic (non-natural) establishments in Mugello. First is the Barberino Designer Outlet, located immediately after you pay the toll from the Autostrada with a long list of top name brands and stores: Prada, Dolce & Gabbana, Cavalli, Patrizia Pepe, Michael Kors, Pinko, Furla. Next stop, less than 20 km from the exit heading east on the SS 65, would be the thrill of speed featuring races with the Ferrari cars and the Italian motorcycle pilot, Valentino Rossi (also known as 46) at the Mugello Racing Circuit.  Even if there are no "official" racing dates while you are in the area - but you can always stop by the circuit and maybe catch the "prove libere" - free trails.

The itinerary ideas below, however, highlight one of the bluer assets of Mugello and you will notice it long before you get to the racing circuit. Lake Bilancino is set among a refreshingly green landscape, which is home to a wealth of outdoor opportunities for those passionate about nature.

Recreating a Landscape

The lake that you see today was formed actually only 25 years ago, where once, many years ago (just over 10 million), a lake used to stand. The existence of this prehistoric lake is one of the reasons why the Mugello area has particularly fertile land and is perfect for growing grain, chestnut trees, mushrooms, truffles, grazing cows, and sunflowers...lots of sunflowers.

The man-made basin of water before you now came about with the building of a dam in an attempt to regulate flood waters and protect Florence from events like that of Nov. 1966. The River Sieve feeds the lake and its size today is just a fraction of its ancestors. Today, it holds approximately 69 million cubic meters of water, 31 meters deep, in its deepest point, and covers an area of 5 square kilometers (as opposed to over 300 square kilometers “oh so many years ago”).

Not only does it serve as a regulator for flood levels, but also as a point of relaxation, where you will find parks, water sports, and beaches along the coast.

Dipping Your Toes In

It is possible to park the car at La Bottega di Bilancino (this summer it is under restoration - but we hope it will open up real soon, Via Del Lago - 50031 Barberino Di Mugello) where you will find a clean bathroom stop and a yummy second breakfast - which can be sweet or savory since they have a corner with local specialties. After filling up, set out to stretch your legs a bit with a walk. If you have bikes with you, it is possible to hit the short trails in the area. In warmer weather, there are areas dedicated to dipping your toes in the water, so bring a towel just in case. This park area is great for young kids since there are no hills whatsoever and biking is a breeze !!

You can leave your car parked in front of the little bar and walk down to the lake's edge. There are several well-marked trails which keep you close to the water, lovely views and lots of sun. (Be sure to have a hat and sun lotion on hand!)

WWF Oasis Caters to all Ages

Even if it is not always open (check the schedule), this small oasis of approximately 25 hectares just north of Florence is a pleasant surprise. Though active all year long with incoming birds, we were told that the spring & fall months the Oasis of Gabbianello are perfect for bird watching. You can bring the binoculars, hide out in one of the 5 viewing huts and search out white storks, cranes, wild geese, black-winged stilt, bittern, and even the rare osprey. You can count on some unexpected discoveries, like maybe a passing flamingo or two. (They have binoculars for you to use for a small donation of 1€)

Oasi di Gabbianello

Where: Via di Galliano, 1, Barberino di Mugello
Cellular dell'Oasi: 333 9537114 (only at the weekends)

Official Website

May/June on Saturday from 8 am to 5 pm and Sunday from 11:30 am to 7 pm
July & August Closed
September Sunday from 11:30 am to 7 pm

The Oasis was created for the preservation of humid habitats and it consists of a small pond harboring fauna, frogs, butterflies and even dragonflies (libelle). This area is along the traditional migration route from Africa to the north pole for many types of birds. Together with the marshlands at Fucecchio, Massaciuccoli, Parco Uccellina and Talamone, they attract activity all year round. At the Oasi di Gabbianello, you will find a variety of incoming birds along with its permanent residences a pair of elegant wild swans...who guard the pond with a vigilant and aggressive eye.

Not only does the oasis attract many types of birds that use this area as a resting place, but it also gives the weary traveler use of a well-maintained picnic area with a wide grassy field for the kids. There is a small entrance fee for the park, but the picnic area is free.

More Water Fun

For those hot months, you can head over towards Bahia Cafe (Via Gastone Nencini, 50031), which seems to have cornered the market on the beach/bar scene on the lake. There is lots of free parking, and a free pebbly beach with changing rooms, bathrooms, a bar area featuring live music on occasion, umbrellas and sun loungers (the last two are for a small fee). You will find other beaches along the lake, just not all are organized as Bahia, so you have to do a bit of searching your own.

The alternative to listening to live music and drinking a cool beer on the beach is to take a spin around the lake with the Mugello Nautical Club. They rent canoes and sailboats for the more experienced skipper and if you are not yet capable - upon request - they can organize to take you out for a ride in a Trident. See their official website or write an email for more information.

Windsurfing used to be a regular activity, but according to the locals, there are not many offers on the lake unless you bring your own. However you can contact, T-rafting for SUP (Stand UP Paddle Boarding) - a challenging sporting activity for enjoying the water.

What Else is There to do Near the Lake

If you prefer to look at the water, instead of immersing yourself, there are still many opportunities to be close to the lake, especially if you are want to stay outdoors.


Among the many biking options, I suggest you start with one of the three sentieri (trails) which have been identified by A.N.P.I.L. Gabbianello-Boscotondo together with the WWF Oasis, all are suitable for bikes or walking. Each is identified by color (Green, Yellow, and Red) and vary from 11 - 23 km with shortcut options.

They cover the territory to the east of the lake and the Oasis, incorporating scenery, history and natural phenomenon like the monumental oak tree, the third most important in all of Tuscany. The green trail (11 km) could be done by foot. You can pick up a map with these trails at the Oasis, or write them via email for more information. For other bike trails in this area, look at this link.


For those who enjoy the view from above (meaning on a horse!), there are several trails that are specifically mapped out for equestrian lovers, some will ring around the lake and others mix the surrounding hills in Mugello with the sparkling blue of Lake Bilancino. This link lists the different equestrian organizations throughout Mugello.


Another intriguing idea, if you are a history buff, is a visit to Passo Futa (about 15 km from the lake), where you will find a somber war cemetery near the German defense called the ‘Gothic Line'. With more than 30,600 graves from all over Italy, this is the largest German war cemetery on the peninsula. The architecture is a sober mix of gray stone, submersed tombstones and a modern chapel for meditation and prayer.

At the Table

Always looking for a local culinary treat? We stopped in at the Ristorante Passo della Futa (Via Traversa Futa, 1484), a typical Mugello restaurant since 1890 which highlights the specialties from the area: especially porcini mushrooms and tortelli filled with potatoes. Located just below the war cemetery, I enjoyed a delicious meal of tagliatelle with mushroom sauce and delicious thick steaks.

However, you will find several restaurants in this area, even closer to the lake! Another favorite is the Antica Osteria di Montecarelli which offers a quaint indoor/outdoor seating as well as a fabulous menu with lots of local specialties. (Via Montecarelli, 13, 50031 Montecarelli). We were greeted at the table with a taste of "papa al pomodoro" and followed by some lovely ravioli, pici, and homemade pasta - including a dish made with pumpkin!

Heading Home

If you follow SS 65 south, it will take you about 45 minutes to come to the city limits of Florence. Along the way, if you have a little bit of extra time you will pass right by Villa Medicea di Cafaggio, one of the oldest and most favored of the Medici family estates and it is on the list of World Heritage sites UNESCO (at the moment completely undercover for restoration). Another great stop just 20 minutes from Florence city center along the SS65 road is the newly restored Colossus of the Apennines by Giambologna at Villa Demidoff, and yes this is another Medici villa.

A day trip to Mugello will introduce you to a greener corner of the Tuscany region, which backs up against Bologna to the north and Ravena to the east. Other places you may want to add to this itinerary include Scaperia and the House of Giotto. The Mugello area draws less tourism and has therefore maintained much of its original charming characteristics, including isolated little towns, towers and churches, genuine Tuscan cuisine and a warm, generous hospitality.

Author: Donna Scharnagl

It has been more than 25 years since I took my first steps in Italy and I still haven’t found a good reason to leave.  Between the food, the culture, the history, the art, the landscapes … did I mention the food? I have become a lifelong student. It didn't take long to learn that Italians all have stories that long to be told; stories that paint a picture of how hard work produces character, how life is made of ups and downs and how good it feels to laugh.


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